Nur al-Din Muhammad Jahangir acceded to the throne following the death of his father, Akbar, in 1014 H (1605 AD). Just as he and his father had not enjoyed a happy relationship, Jahangir and his eldest son Khusraw were never on good terms. The year after Jahangir’s accession Khusraw rebelled against him, and although they reached some degree of reconciliation Jahangir never forgave him. The Sikh guru, Arjun, who had sheltered Khusraw during his rebellion was executed by Jahangir, an act which the Sikhs considered so outrageous that it laid the foundations for deep-rooted hostility between them and the Indian Muslims that was to last for centuries. Khusraw then conspired to murder Jahangir when he was at Kabul in 1016 (1607), but the plot was discovered, four of the ringleaders were killed and Khusraw was partially blinded on Jahangir’s orders.
Khusraw died in suspicious circumstances in 1031 (1622), somewhat to the relief of his father. This square rupi no longer uses the ilahi dating system introduced by Jalal al-Din Akbar for the year, but Jahangir continues to include the ilahi month.
This coin is dated in Aban, the eighth month of the year, which is a previously unrecorded month-date combination from the mint of Agra. It also gives the regnal year eight (being struck eight years after Jahangir’s accession) as well as the hijra year 1022. It would appear that for a time the Agra mint produced round rupis in the odd numbered months and square rupis in the even ones.
The coin does not bear any religious legends, merely giving Jahangir’s name on the obverse and the mint name and date of striking on the reverse. It is beautifully designed with elegant calligraphy and a pleasing design of flowers, leaves and stems interspersed among the letters.